Course Brief

Accounting Studies is designed to allow learners to understand the basics of Accounting and how to prepare financial statements for various business structures. It will look at ways a business can increase its overall profitability and maximize shareholders' wealth.

  • This course is offered in 50 contact hours.

Upon successful completion of this unit, learners will be able to:

  1. Understand the nature and scope of accounting
  2. Perform Double Entry Book-Keeping
  3. Prepare Financial Statements
  4. Prepare Cash Flow Statement
  5. Interpret Financial Ratios
  6. Understand Management Accounting
  7. Perform Breakeven Analysis
  8. Perform Budgeting

Understand the nature and scope of accounting:

  • Purpose of Accounting
  • Rules of Accounting
  • Accounting Periods
  • The Fundamental Concepts of Accountancy
  • An Important Note about Accounting Terminology


Double Entry Book-Keeping:

  • Principles of Double Entry Book-Keeping
  • Recording Transactions
  • The Accounting Equation
  • Balancing Accounts
  • Producing Trial Balance


Financial Statements:

  • Business Structures
  • Basic Financial Statements of Sole Trader
  • Financial Statements Incorporating Adjustments
  • Financial Statements of Partnership
  • Financial Statements of Limited Company


Cash Flow Statement:

  • Introduction
  • Uses of Cash Flow Statement
  • Contents of Cash Flow Statement


Interpret Financial Ratios:

  • Definition of Accounting Ratios
  • Accounting Ratios i.e. Profitability, Liquidity, Efficiency
  • Interpretation of Accounting Ratios


Management Accounting:

  • The Nature of Management Accounting
  • Cost Classification and Cost Behavior
  • Costing Principles and Techniques


Breakeven Analysis:

  • Breakeven Formulas and Calculations
  • Break Even Chart
  • Profit –Volume Chart
  • Limitations of Breakeven Analysis



  • Overview of Budgets
  • Types of Budget
  • Budget Preparation